Andaman Krait ( Bungarus andamanensis Biswas and Sanyal, 1978 )

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Name
Scientific Name: 
Bungarus andamanensis (Biswas and Sanyal, 1978)
Photographs: 
Distribution: 
Found only in Andaman and Little Andaman Islands.
Venom Type: 
Neurotoxic
Family: 
Characteristics for identification: 

Can be identified easily by checking glossy dark brown or black dorsal body with yellowish bands. 

Description: 

Average length- 90cm.
Maximum length- 130cm.

Dorsal -
Body slender glossy black or brownish with 39-47 unpaired yellowish-white bands on body except tail. Vertebral spots absent. Markings absent or indistinct in juveniles.

Ventral -
Belly glossy yellow-white. Underside of tail mottled with gray-black color. Like all other Kraits subcaudal scales undivided.

Head -
Head depressed with rounded snout; slightly broader than neck. Upper lip brown, yellow or white. Eyes looks entirely black in live state with rounded pupil.

Tail -
Shorter and ends with pointed tip. 9-13 dorsal bands continues till the end with equal prominence. Subcaudal scales mottled with grayish-black and unpaired.

Scalation
Head: 
7 supralabials, 3rd & 4th in contact with eyes; preocular 1, in contact with posterior nasal hence loreal absent; postocular 2; temporal 1+2.
Dorsal: 
Smooth scales in 15:15:15 rows.
Ventral: 
192-200; anal undivided.
Sub Caudal: 
40-47; undivided.
Diet: 
Feeds on other snakes and probably rodents too.
Threats: 
Like any other endemic species of Islands, Andaman Krait will also face serious and possibly irreversible threat of extinction if its native Islands sink in sea water due to climate change. Locals kill this species due to its venom potency and it can be responsible for its population decline in cetrain localities.
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