Body stout, rough in appearance. Scales roughly keeled. triangular head distinctly broader than neck; scales on top of head small, strongly keeled. Head broader and shorter than russell's viper. Eye has vertical pupil. Tail short thin. Dusty yellowish brown grey above. Upper back has short, indistinct, usually rectangular, darker brown/gray cross bars that alternate with a series of similar markings on sides of body. Markings on back may break up and alternate along indistinct vertebral stripe. Occasionally two distinct V shaped markings on top of head; a broad dark streak from behind eye to angle of mouth and dark bar below eye often present. Underside off-white/ pale brown with dark spots. Young more distinctly marked than adults.
Toxic venom but no known fatalities here. Not much is known about the levantine viper in India.
It delivers a large amount of venom that causes hemotoxic effects, which cause pain, swelling and tissue damage at the bite site.