MacClelland’s Coral Snake ( Sinomicrurus macclellandii macclellandii Reinhardt, 1844 )

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Name
Scientific Name: 
Sinomicrurus macclellandii macclellandii (Reinhardt, 1844)
Photographs: 
Distribution: 
It is found in North East India from Darjeeling to Arunachal pradesh. Also in Bangladesh, Nepal, Vietnam, Laos and Thailand.
Family: 
Characteristics for identification: 

Usually 50-80 cm long. Head black above with a wide white, yellow or cream coloured transverse stripe behind the eyes. Back of the body reddish brown with or without a black vertebral stripe or remains of incomplete thin black transverse bands on the flanks; below yellowish with black bars or quadrangular spots. Thirteen rows of scales across the back; scales along vertebral ridge not larger than bordering scales. Tail short with pointed tip. Scales on lower side of tail divided.

Description: 

TBA

Scalation
Head: 
Single preocular 1, touches nasal; Post oculars 2; Temporals 1+1; Supra Labials 7 (3rd & 4th touching eye, 5th & 6th touching anterior temporal)
Dorsal: 
13:13:13 rows, smooth
Ventral: 
males:- 182-212 females:- 208-244
Sub Caudal: 
Anal divided Male:- 28-36 Females:- 25-33 paired, or some unpaired
Habitat: 
Usually found in hilly, forested areas to an elevation upto about 1040m.
Natural History: 
Very little is known about this rare snake. It appears to be active at night, dawn and dusk, digs well in loose soils. If cornered, it responds by flattening its body and lifting and curling its tail.
Diet: 
It is reported to feed on earthworms, snakes and beetles.
Bite symptoms: 

The venom of this species has not been studied so far. The available information suggests that it causes severe neurotoxicb envenoming leading to respiratory paralysis. However, as several other coral snake venoms are known to also have myotoxic activities, both neurotoxic and myotoxic envenoming and their complications should be anticipated when treating a patient bitten by this snake.

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