Malabar Pit Viper ( Trimeresurus malabaricus Jerdon, 1854 )

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Name
Scientific Name: 
Trimeresurus malabaricus (Jerdon, 1854)
Regional Names: 
Kannada: 
ಹಪ್ಪಾಟೆ ಹಾವು, ಮಲೆ ಮಂಡಲ ಹಾವು
Photographs: 
Distribution: 
Endemic to Western Ghats. Found in Western Ghats of Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
Venom Type: 
Haemotoxic
Family: 
Characteristics for identification: 

Typical Pit Viper (Trimeresurus genus) like looking with number of color and patterns on superficial observation.

Description: 

Can grow upto 105 cm.

Scalation
Head: 
Supralabial 9 or 10; first completely separated from nasal; single row of scales between supralabial and elongated subocular; supraocular broken or their inner margins indented by neighbour scales; 7-9 scales between eyes.
Dorsal: 
Weakly keeled scales in 21/23: 19/21: 15/17 rows.
Ventral: 
143-158 (Male), 136-159 (Female); anal undivided.
Sub Caudal: 
50-63 (Male), 44-54 (Female); paired. Hemipenis extends to 12th caudal plate
Diet: 
Feeds on frogs, lizards, rodents and sometimes on other snakes.
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