Ocellate Shieldtail ( Uropeltis ocellata Beddome, 1863 )

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Name
Scientific Name: 
Uropeltis ocellata (Beddome, 1863)
Photographs: 
Distribution: 
Recorded from Nilgiris, Anaimalai and Travancore hills.
Family: 
Characteristics for identification: 

Body fairly slender, but not too long. Total length 14.5 inches. Head pointed, tail blunt, produced; body smooth and glossy. 

Description: 

Colour of the body of the male yellowish, becoming gradually brown near the head and tail, of the female dull brownish, of the young dark purplish brown; all banded with transverse rows of four or five black-edged white or yellow spots (like eyes), generally rather irregularly placed. Sides of the belly with transverse, very irregular shaped, yellow or white blotches, rarely meeting over the abdominals, and forming a transverse band. 

Scalation
Head: 
Rostral pointed and much produced; nasal scute meeting behind the rostral, and separating it from the frontals; eye very small, obscure, in front of ocular shield; other shields and labials as in the genus.
Dorsal: 
scales round the neck in 18 rows, round the trunk in 17.
Ventral: 
ventral scales 199.
Sub Caudal: 
caudal disk not very clearly defined; scales 2-5-keeled; terminal shield entire, or slightly 2-3-pronged; subcaudals 8 or 10 pairs, some generally entire
Habitat: 
Has been recorded in evergreen, montane forests.
Natural History: 
Fossorial.
Diet: 
Largely earthworms.
Threats: 
Habitat loss, Roadkills, Monocultue plantations and wanton killing.
Authors & Contributors: