big four

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Spectacled Cobra

Spectacled Cobra is the most famous and fascinating snake found in Indian subcontinent and adjacent countries. This can be easily identified by having hood and adjoined rounded mark on posterior of hood. In and around human habitation and agricultural lands it can be seen commonly as a rodent predator. Due to its mentions in religious books and stories this species is praised by Hindus. Also this is the most common snake used by snake charmers for their livelihood by displaying to layman.

Saw Scaled Viper

Saw-scaled Viper is the only Echis species found in India and member of famous Big Four. This is also the smallest Viperidae member with an average size of 30cm only. Indian Saw Scaled Viper's population ends eastwards in Odisha and West Bengal states with eastern-most boundary of the genus Echis. In deserts and semi-deserts of India this is perhaps the most common venomous snake and so the most important medically significant reptile for deserts and semi-deserts.

Russell's Viper

Russell's Viper is the most widely distributed Viper family member which is infamous for its fascinating whistle and long fangs. This is one of the most bite and death causing venomous snake in Indian subcontinent and the member of Big Four of India. However even with specific body patterns layman sometime assume it to be juvenile of Python.

Common Krait

Common Krait is an infamous venomous snake capable for delivering neurotoxic bite during night time. This is one of the most common medically significant snake also the member of "Big Four" of India.

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